Proceed to Safety

Gray-Scott Model at F 0.0260, k 0.0550    

These images and movie demonstrate the behavior of the Gray-Scott reaction-diffusion system with σ=Du/Dv=2 and parameters F=0.0260, k=0.0550.

Rings grow, remaining fairly symmetrical to a radius of over 1.0 lu. Patterning develops in their interior, while outer edges become ragged but remain continuous. After filling the space, the pattern organizes into mazelike connected closed loops (negative worms and the occasional solitary negative soliton).

After about 10,000 tu, parallel ridges pulse in a coordinated fashion. Occasional extinctions at junctions continue to occur, causing the pattern to continue changing. The structure tends towards longer, straighter lines and 120o angles.

By 250,000 to 500,000 tu, most of the field is "quiet" (not pulsing) for most of the time, but junction events continue to happen. Some of these set off a long-lasting oscillation with the junction as its center; others happen fairly peacefully. One junction was observed initiating such a wave 11 times in succession with a regular cycle of about 825,000 tu.

This goes on for about 5,000,000 tu but appears to settle down within the next 5 to 10 million.

Categories: Pearson γ; Wolfram 3      (glossary of terms)

                increase F   

decrease k
after 120 tu
after 600 tu

15 frames/sec.; each fr. is 40 iter. steps = 20 tu; 1800 fr. total (36,000 tu)

increase k
after 2,200 tu after 9,000 tu after 36,000 tu
                decrease F   
(Click on any image to magnify)

In these images:

Wavefronts and other moving objects have decreasing u values (brighter color) on the leading edge of the blue part of the moving object, and increasing u (light pastel color) on the trailing edge. This is true even for very slow-moving objects — thus, you can tell from the coloring what direction things are moving in.

''tu'' is the dimensionless unit of time, and ''lu'' the dimensionless unit of length, implicit in the equations that define the reaction-diffusion model. The grids for these simulations use Δx=1/143 lu and Δt=1/2 tu; the system is 3.2 lu wide. The simulation meets itself at the edges (periodic boundary condition); all images tile seamlessly if used as wallpaper.

Go back to Gray-Scott pattern index

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This page was written in the "embarrassingly readable" markup language RHTF, and was last updated on 2015 Nov 07. s.27