Nicolas Pike, A New and Complete System of Arithmetick, 1822
The following excerpt is from the book A New and Complete System of Arithmetick, Composed for the Use of the Citizens of the United States (4th edition) by Nicolas Pike, published in 1822.
The portion quoted here concerns the "Chuquet" number-names.
This book is a revision of earlier books; see also:
Pike, New and Complete System of Arithmetick, 1792.
Pike, The New Complete System of Arithmetic, 1802.
This book was the basis of Dudley Leavitt's Pike's System of Arithmetick, 1826.
This book is referenced by W. D. Henkle in Names of the Periods in Numeration, 1860.
5. To enumerate any parcel of figures observe the following Rule.
First, commit the words at the head of the table, viz. units, tens, hundreds, &c. to memory, then, to the simple value of each figure, join the name of its place, beginning at the left hand, and reading towards the right. — More particularly — 1. Place a dot under the right hand figure of the 2d, 4th, 6th, 8th, &c. half periods, and the figure over such dot will, universally, have the name of thousands. — 2. Place the figures 1, 2, 3, 4, &c. as indices over the 2d, 3d, 4th, &c. period. These indices will then shew the number of times the millions are increased. — The figure under 1, bearing the name of millions, that under 2, the name of billions (or millions of millions) that under 3, trillions.EXAMPLE. Sextillions. Quintilli. Quatrill. Trillions. Billions. Millions. Units. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. th. un. 6 5 4 3 2 1 913, 208, 000, 341, 620, 057, 219, 356, 809, 379, 120, 406, 129, 763
NOTE 1. Billions is substituted for millions of millions; Trillions, for millions of millions of millions; Quatrillions, for millions of millions of millions of millions, and so on.
These names of periods of figures, derived from the Latin numerals, may be continued without end. They are as follows, for twenty periods, viz. Units, Millions, Billions, Trillions, Quatrillions, Quintillions, Sextillions, Septillions, Octillions, Nonillions, Decillions, Undecillions, Duodecillions, Tredecillions, Quatuordecillions, Quindecillions, Sexdecillions, Septendecillions, Octodecillions, Novemdecillions, Vigintillions.
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